Causes of Acid Reflux

What Are The Causes Of Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux often occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not work properly and allows acid to seep up from the stomach to the esophagus.

Doctors are unsure what causes acid reflux disease.  Although we know that a defective LES is a common cause, we are not sure why it is defective.

They are not sure as to why this may happen.

Sometimes the pressure in the stomach rises higher than the LES can hold back – common examples are eating a large meal, bending over and also (as any mother knows) during pregnancy.



Here Are Some Common Causes Of Acid Reflux:

* Pregnancy - often in the third trimester acid reflux during pregnancy can be found. When the growing baby pushes on the stomach, the contents can back up into the esophagus. The doctors say, antacids will not relieved acid reflux caused by pregnancy…Patients find that it helps to eat smaller meals more often during the day.. In the vast majority of cases acid reflux disease disappeared soon after the baby is born.


* Large meals and eating habits – people who Big meals are usually able to decrease their acid-reflux-symptoms when they cut down on their portion sizes and eat more smaller meals… You need to start a food diary, recording everything you ate and experience.  You can then link certain foods that trigger symptoms of acid reflux.  This way you can reduce the incidences of heartburn and put together an acid reflux diet.


* Prevent – this movement will not lead to acid reflux usually unless there is another underlying problem or timer.

* Hiatus hernia (hiatal hernia) – a condition where the upper part of the stomach protrudes into the chest through a small opening in the membrane. Hiatal hernias are often caused by severe coughing, vomiting, sudden physical exertion burden of pregnancy, and obesity.


* Stomach ulcers and poor digestive enzymes - stomach ulcers and can not get enough digestive enzymes in the stomach slow digestion, cause an accumulation of gastric acid back into the esophagus.


* Asthma – experts still argue over what came first, the asthma or acid reflux disease – did asthma cause acid reflux or is Acid Reflux the cause of asthma? No one has a definitive answer on the relationship between asthma and acid reflux.  Some say that the coughing and sneezing that can cause asthma attacks by changes in the breast which trigger acid reflux. Other credit asthma medications – they are taken to expand the airways, but might also relax esophageal sphincter.


Most asthma sufferers say that their asthma deteriorates due to acid reflux because the acid in the esophagus from the stomach leaks stimulates the nerves in the neck, the chest, causing bronchial constriction and breathing problems.


* Smoking - Research has shown that the saliva of smokers lower bicarbonate to neutralize the acids. Smoking reduces the production of saliva. Smoking also stimulates the production of stomach acid thta weakens the esophageal sphincter, promoting the movement of bile acids from the intestine into the stomach (the acids do more harm), and slows down the digestive system (stomach pressure does take  longer because it needs more time to empty ).


* Alcohol – Patients have commented that cessation of alcohol or cutting down consumption significantly improved their symptoms of heartburn.I Cured My Acid Relfux

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by trhor - May 13, 2011 at 12:06 pm

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Acid Reflux Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

Most people do not really understand what is acid reflux.  Recent research shows that in the developed world, one in five people suffer from some symptoms related to acid reflux, also known as GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease)  once a week.

While an additional one in five suffer discomfort, including pain symptoms at least every month.  Up to 40 percent of these people suffer every day of symptoms of  gastro esophageal reflux disease.  Acid reflux is a condition where stomach acid juices flow backward (reflux) from the stomach into the esophagus.

What Is The Cause Of Acid Reflux?

When the lining of the esophagus comes in contact with these fluids, there is a burning sensation in the chest and throat.  Gastro esophageal reflux disease occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (the name of the valve or ring of muscle between the stomach and esophagus) does not close properly,  allowing stomach juices to travel back up into the esophagus.

Time, any extra effort can cause stomach illness of gastro-esophageal reflux occurring.  The level of stomach acid must be high enough  in concentrations for efficient digestion, so that the stomach does not have to work harder for food to be digested.  Oddly enough, acid reflux can also be a symptom of too little stomach acid.

A long-term solution can only come from fixing internal factors primarily responsible for the gastro esophageal reflux disease.  Instead of just the immediate factors to acid reflux, also uncontrollable genetic factors and several other internal factors and cofactors that make an environment that encourages GERD.

What Aspect Of Acid Reflux Symptoms?

Note that GERD can sometimes occur in the absence of any symptoms.  Acid reflux disease diagnosis is usually made according to a recurring (every three days or more) manifestation of acidity.  Healthy people get occasional heartburn and this alone does not mean you have an acid reflux condition.  Still others experience a sensation of food lodged in their throat or choking or stenosis.  Acid Reflux  Symptoms may be different for some GERD patients, such as chest pain, hoarseness or swallowing problems. Recurrent dry cough are also symptoms of the latter group of patients.

What Are The Dangers Associated With Acid Reflux?

Stomach acid can lead to inflammation of esophageal ulcers and in time bleeding.   Scar tissue can cause constriction injury of the esophagus and swallowing problems.  Some victims develop a state where the cells in the esophageal lining take unusual forms and colors, a condition known as Barrett.  Barrett over the long haul may cause cancer, especially for adults over 60 years.  Neglecting GERD symptoms may not be only unpleasant and perhaps painful, but can also lead to other serious complications.

Possible Remedies For Acid Reflux

Treatment of gastro esophageal reflux disease can be managed in one of three ways: surgery,  acid reflux medications available by prescription or nonprescription, and holistic therapy, through alterations in diet and lifestyle, detoxification, and specific herbal supplements. This holistic approach to GERD is also supported by a review of recent research showing that this condition is caused mainly by dietary factors, lifestyle and behavior.  In most cases, gastro esophageal reflux disease can be addressed and stopped by natural solutions,  such as with an acid reflux diet – without the risks or side effects of surgery or prescription drugs.

Considered in the context of conventional medicine compared with other similar recurring conditions, GERD should not be treated by constantly ingesting drugs, antacids and over the counter medication only temporary relief. But this is not the real answer to the gastro esophageal reflux disease.

Alternative treatments for acid reflux therefore (programs of homeopathic medicines, herbal remedies, diet and lifestyle modifications and detoxification), treating the underlying cause of acid reflux internal, are implicitly higher compared with conventional responses with only superficial relief.  The holistic view suggests that acid reflux is the warning sign for a major internal imbalance that must be restored.I Cured My Acid Relfux

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by trhor - May 3, 2011 at 9:54 pm

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When Acid Reflux Disease Attacks!

Acid reflux, burning, indigestion, nausea, pain in stomach and ulcer symptoms affects a third of the population.

Is it due to poor nutrition, drug abuse or annoyance to a stressful life that causes symptoms of acid reflux disease.

The esophagus, a tube connecting the mouth to the stomach, allowing transportation of food.

The circular muscle (sphincter) that separates the stomach from the esophagus is supposed to open to drop off food and prevent stomach contents from backing up into the esophagus.

To ensure digestion of food, the stomach secretes about three liters of acid per day.

Normally this acid must remain in the stomach and into the duodenum in small quantities along with digested food.

As for the stomach, it resists its own acid secretion through the production of a liquid protective mucus that lines the inner walls of the stomach.

Gastroesophageal Reflux

If the sphincter, which is between the stomach and esophagus malfunctions, the stomach acid is allowed to flow back into the esophagus causing gastroesophageal reflux.

Burning symptoms appear and are often accompanied by a sour taste in the mouth.  Regular acid contact with the lining of the esophagus causes inflammation  more rapidly and no less important esophagitis.

In the long term, untreated esophagitis cause a narrowing of the esophagus and rarely cancer of the esophagus.

In other cases, the acid reflux disease is related to the existence of an anatomical feature, the hiatal hernia. The diaphragm (the muscle separating the chest from the abdomen) has a hole to let the esophagus. We talk about hiatal hernia, where a small portion of the stomach back of the abdomen to the thorax through the hole.

This is why pregnant women often have acid reflux during the last trimester of pregnancy, caused by the backflow of the stomach up through the fetus.
The gastroesophageal reflux disease is very common and affects almost 30% of the population.

Conventional treatment of  acid reflux symptoms is based on the use of antacid drugs (Gastrex, Gaviscon, Maalox, Phosphalugel) that neutralize the acidity.  Most of these acid reflux medications contain aluminum salts, magnesium and sodium.. Aluminum is now implicated in many degenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, the excess magnesium causes diarrhea while sodium promotes hypertension.

Peptic Ulcer

Nearly 80% of ulcers are in the first portion of the intestine called the duodenum, while only 20% of ulcers are located in the stomach.. In the case of duodenal ulcer is an excess secretion of acid from the stomach that attacks the intestinal mucosa, whereas in gastric ulcer,  a defect in the protective mucus from the walls of the stomach that is responsible for the ulceration.

It was long attributed the cause of ulcers was stress.  In recent years it has identified another cause is a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori and found in most people with stomach ulcer.. This bacterium can grow when our immune defenses are weakened and disrupts the protective layer of mucus.  The lining of the stomach is exposed when in contact with the acid, which can trigger the formation of an ulcer.

Do not forget that many ulcers are caused by chronic use of certain medications such as painkillers (aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory) or cortisone that alter or diminish the production of protective mucus of stomach.

The classic treatment of the ulcer is based on the use of anti-ulcer (Mopral, Lanzor, Ogast, Zoltum) that remove virtually all production of stomach acid.  Thus, the pain disappears in 48 hours and the ulcer heals in 3-4 weeks. Unfortunately, relapses are extremely common upon discontinuation of treatment which requires prolonging medication long term. Now, removing the secretion of stomach acid for too long seems to favor the growth of certain bacteria that produce carcinogens. In addition, anti-ulcer drugs have side effects, mostly digestive disorders such as nausea, diarrhea or constipation and liver disease!I Cured My Acid Relfux

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Help With Heartburn Stomach Acid Reflux

The Function of Gastric Acid…

Stomach acid is a very strong acid.  Its task is to digest the food and make germs from the food harmless.. The stomach acid does not digests the surrounding body tissue of the stomach wall because its lined with a protective layer.

The openings of the stomach to the esophagus and the duodenum are sealed with sphincters.. At the end of the esophagus, a muscular ring or valve called a sphincter allows food to enter the stomach and then squeezes shut to keep food or fluid from flowing back up into the esophagus. The stomach muscles churn and mix the food with acids and enzymes, breaking it into much smaller, digestible pieces

These muscles make sure that the chyme from the esophagus into the stomach and the stomach into the small intestine flows, not vice versa.

The stomach acid is produced mainly in the gastric mucosa at night and then stored.  During the day they will be used as needed.  How much acid is released depends on many factors..

Complaints of Stomach Acid Reflux

Normally, this ingenious system works properly. But sometimes, food, beverages and medicines, and diseases related complaints cause the stomach acid reflux disease..

The symptoms of heartburn and stomach problems are very similar and often difficult to distinguish.  Since the stomach is bound by food and thus lose its aggressiveness, the symptoms usually occur until two hours after eating and at night.

Heartburn (acid reflux): Everybody knows the symptoms of  heartburn, that burning pain in the chest.  If the sphincter between the stomach and the esophagus does not function optimally, gastric acid  from the stomach flows back into the esophagus and irritates the unprotected mucous membrane.  When gastric juice flows back into the mouth it is called acid indigestion. Heartburn usually occurs about two hours after meals or when bending over and lying down.

Heartburn itself is not a disease but a complaint associated with various diseases.  Occasional heartburn is harmless.  However, if it occurs several times per week, the stomach acid is corrosive to delicate lining of the esophagus. . The result can be an inflammation of the esophagus (reflux esophagitis).  In chronic recurrent esophageal inflammation there is a risk that affected mucosal cells degenerate and a esophageal cancer develops.

Stomach: The stomach itself is protected from the action of stomach acid.  It contain substances such as prostaglandins, which absorb the acidity effect. Stomach problems occur when the protective factors are diminished or the acid is excessive. Then the aggressive stomach acid can also irritates the stomach wall.

( Gastritis ) A slight irritation of the gastric mucosa causes a stomach inflammation, that will quickly disappear as a rule.  During continuous stimulation, the inflammation can also be  chronic ( chronic gastritis ). Over time it can result in a wound in the mucosa, a stomach ulcer, gastric ulcer) to develop. Here too there is a risk that mucosal cells degenerate and to gastric cancer develop.

The diagnosis is made only when other diseases can be excluded.  The symptoms of acid reflux disease are very diverse.  Sometimes heartburn and regurgitation are at the forefront, while other patients suffer more from bloating, flatulence and nausea.


Causes of Acid Reflux and Heartburn

In many cases there are no known causes for the tendency for heartburn.  However, acid reflux diet or  one of the following reasons support the heartburn:

* Coffee, alcohol and nicotine, large meals (especially at night), fatty foods, spicy and fried foods, citrus fruits, fruit juices, onions, chocolate and tomatoes can cause symptoms of acid reflux.
* Stress and poor eating habits, such as hasty gulping of food.
* Overweight and pregnant women often suffer from heartburn, since the larger body mass presses on the stomach.
* Constipation , bloating, increased gastric acid production, or delayed gastric emptying.
* Some medications can be a side effect of  causing the esophagus sphincter to relax.
* Organic causes such as relaxation of the sphincter or a slipped stomach wall.

Stomach discomfort usually include the following factors:

* Alcohol, nicotine or greasy and spicy foods increase the acidity effect.
* Long-term use of painkillers from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol)  They inhibit the formation of protective prostaglandins.
* For gastric ulcers almost always bacterium Helicobacter pylori is found.

When You Need A Doctor

Occasional heartburn is harmless and can be treated with acid reflux home remedies or nonprescription medications. If  however, you suffer from acid reflux disease more than twice per week or at plagued at night,  you should consult a doctor. He’ll decides whether a more thorough investigation such as an gastroscopy (endoscopy) is required. You also have to clarify the causes of acid reflux  indigestion and heartburn with the following acid reflux symptoms:

* Severe pain
* Anorexia
* Weight loss
* Nausea and vomiting with blood
* Bloody or black stool stained
* Blutverlust Pallor and fatigue as a sign of iron deficiency through blood loss

Medicines for stomach acid reflux

The goal of acid reflux treatment is to let heal the inflammation or ulcers of the stomach and esophagus. This is achieved by intercepting the action of stomach acid.  There are different methods to accomplish this.

Inhibit The Acid Reflux Symptoms:

* Antacids neutralize stomach acid.  Good for the temporary use and in part also suitable for pregnant women. Longer-lasting effect and show the active ingredients Aluminiumhydroxit Magnesiumhydroxit.  Since antacids bind directly to the acid in the stomach, take the medication when symptoms occur,  usually two hours after meals and at night. Gels, suspensions or chewable tablets generally show better effects than standard pills or tablets. Take antacids  basically a about two hours away from other drugs because they can reduce their effectiveness.

* H2-antihistamines occupy the points of attack of histamine, a key chemical messenger in the formation and release of stomach acid.. Since the formation of stomach acid occurs mainly at night, taking them at night is especially important. Sometimes you have to take an additional dose during the day.  For a short-term application of a maximum of six days, some H2-receptor are available without prescription.

* Proton pump inhibitors block the formation of an enzyme, the influx of stomach acid into the stomach interior is responsible.  Since the enzyme is produced mainly in the morning, proton pump inhibitors are taken in the morning. They are used in severe discomfort and are sometimes available with a  prescription.

The motion of the stomach and intestines improve – prokinetics stimulate movements (peristalsis) of the stomach and intestines and to ensure that the acid from the stomach is removed quickly and the function of the esophageal sphincter is improved. They are used for nausea and vomiting.

Helicobacter pylori eradicated: If stomach ulcer or gastritis (gastritis) of the germ Helicobacter pylori detected at one, he can be with eradication therapy to eradicate. This refers to a multi-day treatment with a proton pump inhibitor and two antibiotics.  It is extremely important that the pills are taken consistently, because the ulcer would not otherwise be eradicated and the treatment would be therefore useless. The risk of cancer after treatment  from a stomach ulcer decreases significantly.

Flatulence remedy – many stomach complaints are accompanied by bloating and flatulence. You can use the commercially available drugs for treatment.  There are also a number of medicinal plants that are suitable for the treatment of these complaints. They are taken as drops or made into a  tea. The best known are mixtures of fennel, anise and cumin.


What You Can Do Yourself

If You Are Prone To Heartburn or Indigestion You Should Consider The Following Things:

* Avoid rich and fatty meals, especially in the evening. Eat several small rather high-fiber snacks.
* Avoid stress and excitement.
* Try to reduce your coffee consumption.
* Avoid too much alcohol.
* Try to restrict smoking.

Apply These Tips for Heartburn:

* Heartburn occurs especially at night because of stomach acid flowing back into the esophagus via the horizontal position of the upper body during sleep.  If you have problems at night with heartburn, you should  raise the upper body.. Use an extra pillow or place  a couple of books under the headboard.
* Avoid rich and fatty meals, especially immediately before bedtime.
* The stomach acid is bound by food. Therefore, the discomfort often felt between meals. Eat a slice of bread or biscuit and drink a glass of milk.
* Try to lose a  few pounds  if you are overweight.I Cured My Acid Relfux

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by trhor - April 11, 2011 at 9:56 pm

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